HomeGetting Here | Travel to NamibiaNamibia Cities & Towns Links Plus Country MapAbout Touring Namibia Attraction Sites Plus MapsEasy Syndicating With Namibia-1on1All you need to know about advertising with Namibia-1on1Sitemap of Namibia-1on1You're welcome to email us with your comments and questionsFrequently Asked Questions FAQs

PETRIFIED FOREST - Near Khorixas, Damaraland, Namibia. 280 million years ago a great deluge destroyed this ancient forest of Cordaites Trees.


Namibia National Flag

Product Year

Namibia Accommodation

Air Namibia Timetable


Hunting in Namibia

Map of Namibia

Namibia Tourism Travel




Petrified Forest - Near Khorixas, Damaraland, Namibia

280 million years ago a great deluge destroyed an ancient forest of Cordaites Trees.




Petrified Forest Namibia Cordaites Tree Trunk

Fossilized Tree Trunk

Deep in the heart of Damaraland, a dry rugged area of Northern Namibia, can be found the Petrified Forest. Here you can see the fossilized trunks of trees that are estimated to be about

280 million years old. They were members of the early Cordaites family of trees (Dadoxylon

General Location of the Petrified Forest

arberi Seward, classified as a gymnospermopsida) that grew to heights of over 40m and were the ancient ancestors of our present day conifers and ferns. There are large tree trunks and sections of trunks scattered over the site. The mineralization of the wood has produced some colourful examples where the detail of wood grain of the trees along with knots and bark can

clearly be seen and will make for some interesting photos for you collection.

Kunene Region
2040'S- 1460'E
Map of Namibia
Map & Direction


Petrified Forest How Did This Happen?: During the Permian Period, Namibia formed part of the ancient continent of Gondwana and was situated further south towards the polar region. From about 320 to 270 million years ago the southern regions of the continent were gripped in what is known as the Great Gondwana Ice Age and was covered in ice fields and glaciers. Eventually the climate began to warm and a great thaw set-in causing floods of melt water to wash over the land that carried with them ice, rock debris and silt. There were occasions when the melt water would become excessive and would rush across the land tearing up and carrying with it virtually everything in its path. It was such a flood that ripped through the ancient forest where these trees grew with such force that many of the tree trunks literally snapped off and were carried to their final resting place from far away and almost immediately buried under a thick layer of sand and rubble. Sealed in this airtight grave the wood was not subjected to the ravages of insects and normal decomposition that vegetable matter is normally subjected to. The site experienced further sedimentation over periods of many millions of years until the trees were buried under hundreds of meters of overburden. The immense pressures caused the quartz present in the sediments to dissolve. The silica rich solution in turn permeated into the wood. The acidity of the solution was sufficient to dissolve the organic matter and thus it was replaced with crystalline quartz. Over the following 280 million years this area was subjected to changes of cataclysmic proportions. The ancient continent of Gondwana eventually divided and the surface levels arose. Ice ages came and went and erosion by water wash and later desert winds eventually uncovered the tree trunks and they were once again exposed above ground level.


Petrified Forest Namibia trunk section showing mineralization

Colourful mineralization

Petrified Forest Namibia trunk section showing wood grain

Wood grain

Petrified Forest Namibia trunk section showing petrified tree bark

Petrified bark

Petrified Forest Namibia showing crystal formations inside hollow section of trunk

Crystals in hollow trunk

Petrified Forest Namibia cross section of trunk showing tree's annual growth rings

Annual growth rings


Acknowledgements and further reading: G1, G2, G3, H12, P1

The Petrified Forest site is operated under the supervision of the National Heritage Council of Namibia and trained local guides will take you around the site also showing you the points of interest


Khorixas / Twyfelfontein Area Attractions

Burnt Mountain

Petrified Forest

Entry Fees Payable


Organ Pipes


White Lady of Brandberg

 Map & Direction

Of Interest: The two longest trunks on the site measure 45 meters and have a diameter of about 1.2 meters.


Home Getting Here Cities & Towns Touring Namibia Sitemap Contact Us
  Namibia-1on1... get to know us and you'll get to know Namibia. See Our Complete Information and Directory Services Below


Namibia Directories

Namibia Information

Online E-book Info Shop

Namibia-1on1 Group  Info

Air Namibia Timetable

SAA Flights

Westair Wings

Rail Services

Scheduled Buses & Shuttle



Accommodation Namibia


Car Hire Namibia

Estate Agents Namibia

Hunting in Namibia

Namibia Tourism and Travel

Self Drive Touring

Emergency Numbers

Namibia Immigration

Medical Services Numbers

Namibia Fuel Prices

Namibia Public Holidays

Namibia Towns

Online Newspapers

Namibia Road Maps

Namibia Town Street Maps

Immigration to Namibia

Investing in Namibia

VAT Reclaim

Constitution of Namibia


Namibia-1on1 Info Site

About Us

Advertising With Us

Privacy Policy

Help Desk







Copyright Namibia-1on1 2013  and Terms of Reading