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ETOSHA GAME PARK, NAMIBIA. One of Africa's pristine National Game Parks covering an area of 22,270 sq km


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Etosha Game Park Namibia

One of Africa's pristine National Game Parks covering an area of 22,270 sq km

The Etosha Game Park is one of the premier game parks of Africa and if you are visiting Namibia it is a 'Must See'.


The Etosha Pan was once a great salt lake and is thought to have formed from the drainage of the Kunene River during heavy rainy season in some pre-historic time. The word Etosha means "Great White Place"

It was with foresight that the German Governor Dr. F. Von Lindequist declared the original area as a nature reserve in 1907, but the size has since been reduced.

Etosha Game National Game Park Area in 1907 was 104,800 sq km

Present Park Area in 2008  22,270 sq km (13,838 sq miles)

The Etosha Pan is 120km in length and 72km in width

Governor Von Lindequist

Governor Von Lindequist

Etosha Game Park Eastern Entry The Von Lindequist Gate

The Von Lindequist Gate (eastern entry)

Etosha Pan The Great White Place

The Great White Place


The Discoverers: In 1851 the explorers Sir Francis Galton and Charles John Andersson 'discovered' the Etosha-Pan.

Galton wrote:

"May 29th. We came on ox-spoors. Old Netjo, who is a family man, was beside himself with joy, and kept by my side pointing out all the indications of the neighbouring Ovampo. Passing a reedy, boggy fountain, we came an hour after to Omutchhamatunda which was then thronged with Ovampo and their cattle. We were received very hospitably, and had a tree assigned us to camp under. The Ovampo gave us butter to grease ourselves with; but as it was clean, and they also brought corn, I preferred eating it. There was a little game about, and we had some shooting, and also a bathe and a battue of ducks and partridges. No corn grown here, neither were there any women; it was simply a cattle post, and far from the corn country of the Ovampo."


Health Warning:

Sun Protection: The sun is quite intense as it is reflected from the ground, so be sure to make use of a high factor sun-screen. You can buy up to 100 factor in Namibia.

Malaria: During the dry season (May - November) you will find few, if any mosquitoes. During the rainy season which may fall as early as November to end April, you are advised to carry with you and make use of mosquito repellent. Use the mosquito nest provided in your accommodation unit. If camping you can buy in Namibia nets reasonably priced at most camping stores. You may also want to take a course of Prophylaxis if visiting in rainy season.

Water: The tap water in the camps is potable. However, many tourists prefer to make use of bottled water which can be purchased in the tourist shop.


Etosha Game Park Driving In.

The gravel road system within the Etosha Game Park is good and is suitable for saloon cars, but please drive carefully as there is quite an amount of slower moving traffic that makes use of the roads.


The Animals of the Etosha Game Park:

There is about 114 species of animal in the Etosha National Park. However, there are no Buffalos, Hippos, crocodiles or monkeys in the park. The approximate numbers of larger animals are: Black Faced Impala - 700, Black Rhino - 300, Blue Wildebeest - 2600,, Eland 250, Elephant - 1500, Gemsbok - 4,000, Giraffe - 2,000, Kudu 2,000, Lion - 300, Ostrich - 1,500, Red Hartebeest - 600, Roan Antelope - 70, Springbok - 20,000, Zebra Burchell's - 6000, Zebra Mountain 700, plus an unknown number of Cheetah and Leopard.


Sky Diving Swakopmund with Ground Rush Adventures
Hot Air Ballooning Swakopmund with African Adventure Balloons
Living Desert Tours / Tommy's Tours half day nature excursion on the Coastal Dunes

The Birds of the Etosha National Game Park:

340 bird species have been identified in the park od which about one-third are mo9gratory. During years that enjoy a good rainy season large gatherers of waders assemble at the Fischer Pan near to Namutoni along with Lesser and Greater Flamingos that migrate in from the coast. There are 35 raptor species including Yellow Billed Kite, Steppe Eagle, Western Red Footed Kestrel, the Lesser Kestrel and the Booted Eagle. 8 Owl species including the Pearl Spotted Owl, the Spotted Eagle Owl, the White Faced Owl and four species of night owls. Vultures include the Cape Vulture, The Egyptian Vulture, The Hooded Vulture, The Lappet Faced Vulture, The Palm Nut Vulture, White Backed Vulture. Among the Rarest Species are found the Whimbrel, the Black Tailed Godwit, the Slaty Egret, the Goliath Heron, the Purple Heron, the Little Bittern, the Dwarf Bittern, the Wattled Crane and the Crowned Crane. Near to Halali can be found the Black Faced Babbler, the Violet Woodhoopoe. Parrots can be found at Kalkheuwel along with Monteiro's Hornbill. The Chestnut Weaver is only found in Northern Namibia. Namibia's national bird the Crimson Breasted Shrike can be seen in Etosha. 12 types of Larks are found in the park and 3 types of Sandgrouse.


The Snakes of the Etosha Game Park:

About 50 species of snake are found in the Etosha some of which are not poisonous: Mole Snake, House Snake, Grass Snake, Skaapstrekers and Egg Eaters. The African Python and the Dwarf Python can be seen. Poisonous Snakes that can be found are: Puff Adder, Burrowing Adder, Boomslang, Bird Snake, Black Mamba, The Western Barred Spitting Cobra or Zebra Snake, Angolan Cobra and the African Coral Snake.


Acknowledgements and further reading:: GV1, GV6, H9, P1, P2


Etosha is a National Park area, so there are entrance fees payable to the Ministry of Environment and Tourism. The accommodation and facilities in the Etosha are managed and operated by Namibia Wildlife Resorts

 Getting there:    Entry Fees Payable

There are 3 entrance gates to the Etosha National Game Park

King Nehale Gate, North Eastern Entrance, near Okoshona, which is about 85km south of Ondangwa.

Andersson Gate, South Western Entrance for Okaukuejo Camp approx. 100km north of Outjo on C38 Road

Von Lindequist Gate, Eastern Entrance for Namutoni Camp approx. 74km north of Tsumeb, then 36km on C38


  Distances from Namutoni   (km / mile)

Outjo Okaukeujo Halali Tsumeb Swakopmund Windhoek
260 / 162 140 / 87 65 / 40 110 / 67 710 / 441 530 / 329


Etosha Area Attractions & Articles of Associated Interest:

Etosha Game Park


Herero Uprising

Map of Etosha




Schutztruppe Fort

   Map & Directions

Of Interest: It was on the southern edge of the Etosha that, in 1851,Andersson and Galton first came into contact with the Ovambo people.

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