HomeGetting Here | Travel to NamibiaNamibia Cities & Towns Links Plus Country MapAbout Touring Namibia Attraction Sites Plus MapsEasy Syndicating With Namibia-1on1All you need to know about advertising with Namibia-1on1Sitemap of Namibia-1on1You're welcome to email us with your comments and questionsFrequently Asked Questions FAQs
 

BRUKKAROS NAMIBIA. Following the final stages of the break up of Gondwana there were many places in Southern Africa where molten rock continued forcing its way up through the earth's crust. It was ...

 

Namibia National Flag

BusinessDirectory.na

Product Year

Namibia Accommodation

Air Namibia Timetable

BusinessDirectory.na

Hunting in Namibia

Map of Namibia

Namibia Tourism Travel

 

 

Brukkaros Namibia - A To Be Or Not To Be A Volcano

Up-thrusting magma came into contact with the ground water and 'exploded'.

 

Brukkaros from 30,000 ft

Brukkaros from 30,000ft (photo by David Tyler UK)

Brukkaros from Berseba Plains.

Brukkaros from the Plains of Berseba

 

Often referred to as Great Brukkaros and rising some 600 meters above the plains of Berseba it makes an impressive sight, and in places when driving the B1 road can be seen from distances of over 100km. Rugged and remote it gains little mentioned in most guide books and therefore tends to be overlooked by Namibians and  tourists alike. It was thought until the mid-nineteen-eighties that the 'familiar' shaped mountain had been what most of us would call a volcano, but that is not quite so. There is an impressive caldera  about 1km across and the outer edge of the 'volcano' slope is over 10km, so Brukkaros whether viewed from ground level or from the air makes an impressive sight.

 

During the period of the German colony a heliograph station was situated on the east side of Brukkaros, and in the early nineteen-thirties the Smithsonian Institute erected a scientific station there to observe the solar activity on the surface of the Sun.

 

Brukkaros Campsite

Some members of the local community are trying to promote 'their' showpiece and attract visitors. There is a gate and a small reception office. However, it is rarely manned.  8 camping areas have been built in total. 4 are at the end of the good standard gravel road to the mountain offering shelter and dry toilets. Please note there is no water at any of the camping sites, so you will have to take a sufficient supply of water with you for drinking or washing.

Price: N$35 per person per night

 

Map and Directions For Brukkaros

Karas Region

25º60'S - 17º46'E

Map of Namibia

Getting Here

Map & Directions

What to See

Keetmanshoop Map

Ai-Ais

Fish River Canyon

Brukarros

Giants Playground

Mesosaurus Fossils

Naute Dam Resort

Quiver Tree Forest

 

 

 

 

Drive carefully on these paths

Poor road

Camp site at Brukkaros South Wall Gap

The upper camp view looking into the caldera

View from the Brukkaros camp site looking south

The upper camp view looking south

 

The second path leads part the way up the mountain and is not well developed. It is not suitable for saloon cars. If you do have a sturdy pick-up or 4x4 you should have some experience at negotiating rugged and rocky terrain and you might need a 'spotter' in some areas where the path in poor condition.

If you are not driving a pick-up truck or 4 x 4 you would be wise to hike the last kilometre to the upper camping area where there are four camp sites with dry toilets. The upper camping areas have an impressive view south over the plains and also overlook the entrance to the crater via the gap in the south wall. The inconvenience of having to carry your own water is by far compensated by the views and the remoteness. It's a quiet and peaceful place.

 

Brukkaros - how it was formed:

Following the final stages of the break up of Gondwana there were many places in Southern Africa where molten rock continued forcing its way up through the earth's crust. It was about 80 million years ago, at the location of  Brukkaros, that one particular up-welling of magma found its way to the surface blocked by one of the oldest rock formations in Africa, that of the Namaqualand Metamorphic Complex. The enormous pressures being exerted resulted in the earth's surface to bulge upwards causing a dome like mountain to be formed, but the magma still did not break through. The upheaval the rocks were subjected to would have resulted in extensive crack systems into which the ground water would have seeped. The water in the deeper fissures would have been under considerable pressure and would have required to have been heated to a far higher temperature than 100°Celsius before flashing off to form steam. The temperature of the rock near to the magma would have been several hundred degrees and at this depth would have caused the 'ground-water' to flash off as superheated steam.

 

The Brukkaros Caldera measures about 2km across, a considerable surface area, and it was in this vicinity that the rock structure already being subjected to the up-welling pressures from the magma that were causing it to fracture would also have suffered the further aggravation of the enormous series of energy forces from both hydrostatic shock waves and ongoing expansion of pockets of superheated-steam. When these pressures found release, massive amounts of overlaying rock would have been blown into the atmosphere. having a similar effect to that of a volcanic explosion, but without the issue of pumice or lava-rock. Following this activity, the eventual collapse of the dome resulted in the formation of a caldera, similar in appearance to that of a "true volcano".


Hiking into the Brukkaros Caldera:

You must carry enough water. Time - about 3-4 hours.

You need to be reasonably fit and have strong ankles and knees as there is quite an amount of rock hopping involved. The trail is not well developed and certainly should be avoided during rains or following a downpour as the rock surfaces can become very slippery. The wearing of a good pair of Hiking or Trail boots is recommended, and preferably leather. A sprained ankle or fall would mean a long wait and cause a considerable amount of problems for the rescue team, and be expensive. There is no mobile phone reception in this area.

 
The path over the lip

The best part of the path

Dangerous section of path

A Hobbit would wear boots

Volcanic type rock

The rock type

The view from the camp site into the caldera

The view into the caldera

 

On a positive note. The route along the path leads you through the hole in the south wall. It is very spectacular and will lead you past some huge rock formations. There are places where the rocks shine a deep blue in colour, and down below you can see the 'rock waterfall'. The above right is the view from the path looking through the South Wall Gap into the caldera.

 

Acknowledgements and further reading:  G1, G2, P1   

 

  Brukkaros part 2 -  into the Caldera

Go to Namibia-1on1 online info shop
World Wide Travel Insurance For You
 
 
 
 

   
Home Getting Here Cities & Towns Touring Namibia Sitemap Contact Us
  Namibia-1on1... get to know us and you'll get to know Namibia. See Our Complete Information and Directory Services Below

Transport

Namibia Directories

Namibia Information

Online E-book Info Shop

Namibia-1on1 Group  Info

Air Namibia Timetable

SAA Flights

Westair Wings

Rail Services

Scheduled Buses & Shuttle

 

 

Accommodation Namibia

BusinessDirectory.na

Car Hire Namibia

Estate Agents Namibia

Hunting in Namibia

Namibia Tourism and Travel

Self Drive Touring

Emergency Numbers

Namibia Immigration

Medical Services Numbers

Namibia Fuel Prices

Namibia Public Holidays

Namibia Towns

Online Newspapers

Namibia Road Maps

Namibia Town Street Maps

Immigration to Namibia

Investing in Namibia

VAT Reclaim

Constitution of Namibia

 

Namibia-1on1 Info Site

About Us

Advertising With Us

Privacy Policy

Help Desk

 

 

 

 

 

Namibia-1on1

Copyright © Namibia-1on1 2013  and Terms of Reading